Many factors affects the determination of depth of foundation. Calculation for foundation depth is done based on type of soil, ground water table, loads from structure, bearing capacity of soil and other factors.
General factors to be considered for determining depth of foundation are:
1. Load applied from structure to the foundation
2. Bearing capacity of soil
3. Depth of water level below the ground surface
4. Types of soil and depth of layers in case of layered soil
5. Depth of adjacent foundation
The minimum depth of foundation should be considered to ensure that the soil is having the required safe bearing capacity as assumed in the design. However, it is advised to carry out soil investigation before deciding on depth of foundation. Soil investigation report will suggest the foundation depth based on the type of structure, soil properties, depth of water table, and all other variable that should be considered. Soil investigation report provides bearing capacity of soil at different levels and at different locations.
Depth of Foundation
When the soil investigation report is not available, the depth of foundation should be selected such that it is not affected by swelling and shrinking of soil due to seasonal changes. Depth of foundation should also consider the depth of water table to prevent and scour below the ground.
For foundation near existing foundation, It must be ensured that pressure bulbs of foundations do not coincide if the depth of new foundation has to be taken below the depth of existing foundation.
The foundation should not be contracted at shallow depth considering the frost action in cold countries.
Rankine’s formula provides the guidance on minimum depth of foundation based on bearing capacity of soil.
Rankine's Formula for Depth of Foundation
Where, h = minimum depth of foundation
p= gross bearing capacity
density of soil= density of soil
Angle of repose of soil = angle of repose or internal friction of soil.
The above formula does not consider the factors discussed above and just provides the guidance on minimum foundation depth, assuming that the foundations are not affected by factors such as water table, frost action, types and properties of soil etc. as discussed above. This formula does not consider the loads from the structure on the foundation.
In the Rankine’s formula, it can be seen that foundation depth depends on the bearing capacity of soil, so, if the bearing capacity of soil increases, the depth of foundation also increases.
Foundation Depth Calculator:
Gross bearing capacity of soil= p =kN/m2
Density of soil =
density of soil

Angle of repose =
Angle of repose of soil

Mnimum foundation Depth= h =m


Anonymous said…
You wrote a great article and you may interest to know about the Depth foundation calculator
vipin chauhan said…
This comment has been removed by the author.
unknown said…
Great article with excellent idea!Thank you for such a valuable article. I really appreciate for this great information.. TX Foundation Repair Company
areebashaikh said…
Foundation repair austin Thank you because you have been willing to share information with us. we will always appreciate all you have done here because I know you are very concerned with our.
KASHAF said…
Tampa FL foundation repair company Thank you because you have been willing to share information with us. we will always appreciate all you have done here because I know you are very concerned with our.
A very awesome blog post. We are really grateful for your blog post. You will find a lot of approaches after visiting your post. foundation repair companies in Tampa

Popular posts from this blog

40+ Construction Tools List with Images for Building Construction

Building Materials properties and their Importance in Construction

How to Prevent Errors During Setting Out Building Plan on Ground?

Factors Affecting Selection of Foundation for Buildings?

Ceiling types used in Building Construction and their Applications


Construction Project Management Softwares

Methods for Calculating Cost of Engineering Consultant Services

Methods of underpinning, Procedure and Applications in Foundation Strengthening